The University of California (UC) is a public research university system in California, USA. The system consists of campuses located in Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Merced, Riverside, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Barbara and Santa Cruz, as well as numerous research centers and overseas academic centers.
The University of California was established on March 23, 1868, operated in Oakland, and then moved to Berkeley in 1873. Over time, several branches and satellite programs were established. In March 1951, the University of California began to reorganize itself into a place different from that of Berkeley. Robert Gordon Sproul, president of the Unified News Agency, stayed as the CEO of the Unified Communications System, and Clark Kerr (Clark Kerr) became the first president of the University of California, Berkeley and Raymond B. Allen became the first president of the University of California, Los Angeles. However, the reorganization in 1951 was stalled due to resistance from Sproul and his allies. It was not until Kerr succeeded Sproul to become the president of UC that UC was able to develop into a university system from 1957 to 1960. At that time, the prime minister was appointed to other campuses, each with a certain degree of autonomy.
The University of California currently has 10 campuses with a total of 273,179 students, 22,700 faculty and staff, 154,900 employees and more than 2 million students. Its newest campus in Merced opened in the fall of 2005. Nine campuses enroll undergraduates and graduate students. One campus of the University of California, San Francisco admits only graduate and professional students in the fields of medicine and health sciences. In addition, the University of California Hastings School of Law in San Francisco is a legal subsidiary of the University of California, but apart from sharing its name, the name has nothing to do with the rest of the system. According to the California State Higher Education Master Plan, the University of California is part of the state’s three-system public higher education plan, which also includes the California State University system and the California Community College system. The University of California is managed by a board of directors, and its autonomy with other departments of the state government is protected by the state constitution.