The University of Massachusetts is a five-campus public university system and the only public research system in Massachusetts. The university system includes five campuses (medical schools in Amherst, Boston, Dartmouth, Lowell and Worcester), as well as satellite campuses managed by the systems in Boston and Shrewsbury. The system is recognized by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, and the entire campus enrolls 73,000 students.
The University of Massachusetts Amherst is the largest flagship school in the UMass system. It was also the first school established in 1863 when it was established by the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The University of Massachusetts School of Medicine was established in 1962 and is located in Worcester. Originally established in 1964, Boston University in Massachusetts merged with Boston State University in 1982. In 1991, Lowell University and Southeastern University of Massachusetts joined the system respectively, namely Lowell University of Massachusetts and Dartmouth University of Massachusetts.