The University of Southern California (USC, SC or Southern Cal) is a private research university located in Los Angeles, California. It was founded by Robert M. Widney in 1880 and is the oldest private research university in California. In the 2019-20 academic year, the four-year undergraduate program enrolled 20,500 students, while multiple courses including business, law, film, engineering, occupational therapy, pharmacy and medicine enrolled 28,000 graduate and professional students. The University of Southern California is the largest private employer in Los Angeles and has an economic impact of US$8 billion in Los Angeles and California.
USC is one of the earliest nodes on ARPANET and the birthplace of the domain name system. Other technologies invented by USC include DNA computing, dynamic programming, image compression, VoIP and antivirus software.
The alumni of the University of Southern California include 11 Rhodes Scholars and 12 Marshall Scholars. As of October 2018, the university has attached 9 Nobel Prize winners, 6 MacArthur Fellows and 1 Turing Prize winner. As of May 2018, the University of Southern California has awarded 29 alumni degrees who have become billionaires. Compared with movie theaters, the University of Southern California graduated more alumni than any other school in the world, and won the Oscar.